A recent study by Gabriela Pirk in Insectes Sociaux provides me with an excuse to share this photo:
Pirk et al examined the diet of both Pheidole species in the Monte desert of Northern Argentina. Why would someone spend time doing this? Ants are important dispersers of seeds, and these Pheidole are two of the most abundant seed-eating ants of the region. What they do with the seeds, which ones they choose to take, and how far they take them has implications for the ecology of the desert.
The interesting bit in my opinion is that the two ant species are rather different, both ecologically and biomechanically. Pheidole spininodis is a dedicated seed harvester. Their majors have enormous blocky heads with blunt mandibles for milling seeds:
In contrast, Pheidole bergi is primarily predatory, taking seeds only opportunistically. Their majors are slender, fast, and with relatively small heads and sharper mandibles better for slicing up the insects that they most commonly feed on: